The source of the ancient 360-day year

By Ronald G. Messick

The ancient Assyrians, Chaldeans, Egyptians, Hebrews, Persians, Greeks, Phoenicians, Chinese, Mayans, Hindus, and Carthaginians all used 360-day calendars.

Most of us find that strange because our common sense tells us that clocks and calendars evolved naturally from people’s obsession with the movement of objects across the sky. It would seem natural that observations from different latitudes would lead to a multitude of schemes to describe what had been observed.


In spite of latitude, vast distances, and physical barriers, such as mountains and oceans, people all over the planet had come up with the exact same schematic. How is that even possible?

Academia, for the most part, has chalked it up as coincidental. Another sizable group, commonly referred to as catastrophists, believe there was a period of planetary upheaval in ancient times that caused the length of the year to expand from 360 to 365-days. I’d like to offer what I consider to be a more plausible explanation.

Recent research has traced the earliest known use of the 360-day calendar to the ancient Vedics long before it appeared in Mesopotamia, Egypt or Meso-America. In studying Vedic science, I learned that the numbers 108 and 216 are considered sacred. Number 108, for instance, is said to reflect “the distance to the Sun” and, the number 216 is said to reflect “the distance to the sky”.

We can only assume the ancient astronomers’ point of reference was from Earth. Accordingly, one would assume that number 108 refers to the distance from the Earth to the Sun, and that the number 216 refers to the distance from the Sun to the sky (or the 360-degree circle of the sky).

The Surya Siddhanta references Earth’s polar circumference as 24,883.2 British miles. When that figure is multiplied by 108 the result is 2,684,385.6 miles which, if our supposition is true, would reflect the Solar circumference. But, the Earth also has an equatorial circumference which s slightly larger. So, I multiplied the equatorial circumference of 24,903.95329-miles by 109 which resulted in a solar circumference of 2,714,530.909-miles.

The thought of the Sun having two different diameters seemed strange, but evidence provided by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center confirmed that the Sun’s shape is not a perfect circle that I had imagined.NASA_The Shape of the Sun

At this point, we have calculated the two theoretical solar circumferences. Now we need to multiply those figures by 216 to calculate the 360-degree circumference of the sky. Here’s what that looks like.

The Ancient Vedic Sky

Interestingly, the ancient formula for calculating the Sun’s photospheric circumference is: [12^7 X 400 /5280 = 2,714,530.909-miles] or precisely [24,903.95329 X 109].

The next step is to make sure that orbital distances match orbital time periods. That will be determined by the orbit’s velocity. Orbital velocity is distance (miles) divided by time (seconds). Here’s what that looks like.


Velocity is obtained by the application of kinetic energy to an orbit’s axis of rotation. That requires a unique multiplier or Pi() value, and, as illustrated in the above table, the number of seconds is divided by 10^7 to determine what the proper multiplier is.

In the next illustration, the two orbital circumferences are divided by seconds to calculate orbital velocities. Then, the velocities are multiplied by 10^7 which calculates the length of the orbital diameters. Finally, the diameters (or axes) are multiplied by the unique Pi() values to apply the appropriate centrifugal force to sustain the orbit. If the value derived by multiplying the diameter by Pi matches the values derived by multiplying the solar circumference by 216, the orbit’s analytical values are in sync and the validation is confirmed.


Vedic science list the distance from the Earth to the Sun as 93,312,000 X 2 = 186,624,000 which matches the above polar configuration perfectly.


The numbers and methods prescribed by the ancient Vedic are accurate right down to the second and leave little room for doubt about the source of these calendars. The purpose of the 360-day calendar, however, is still a matter of interpretation.

A skilled analyst will quickly recognize the synodic implications of these two orbital periods while the amateur observer will have no clue. I am a skilled analyst and not ashamed to admit that I am bewildered by the vast knowledge of these ancient people. Let me give you two examples;

1. The synodic implications of the two solar rotation periods:

Solar Rotation Harmonics

The above analysis shows that when the solar circumferences are converted to rotation days and multiplied by 216, the calculated result is the lunar precession period or the nodal cycle–which is well-recognized as the all-important driver of El Nino and La Nina cycles. So, the ancient 360-day calendar was never about time–it is about timing.

2. Earth orbital harmonics:

Earth Orbital Harmonics

The above table shows that the 360 and 365-day calendars synodically realign every 72-years. There are precisely 360 of these alignments in one 25,920-year Platonic cycle.

I’m reminded of a quote by the late Nikola Tesla—the Serbian-American inventor that discovered the alternating electric current that lit up our world:

If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency, and vibration.”

― Nikola Tesla

The solar rotation and planetary harmonics described above is exactly the kind of thing that Tesla is referring to. But, it seems that most 360-day calendar aficionados are only interested in using the 360-day calendar to support a broader catastrophist or faith-based narrative. So, there is virtually no one paying attention to this extremely important area of research.

Your comments may be sent to

Ronald G. Messick


Cycle Research Institute:

1/2 of the lunar nodal cycle:

9.33-year cycle sales of a manufacturing company; 104; 431; 434
9.33-year cycle wholesale price index; all commodities; 104
9.34-year cycle silver mine production; 104
9.37-year cycle sweet potato acreage harvested; 105
9.4-year cycle tree-ring width; 105
9.4-year cycle varves; 105
9.41-year cycle sugar prices; 105
9.44-year cycle cotton production; 105
9.46-year cycle cheese consumption; 105
9.47-year cycle cotton prices; 105
9.48-year cycle sheep value; 105
9.4- or 9.5-year cycle cotton production; 94
9.4- or 9.5-year cycle rainfall; 94
9.4- or 9.5-year cycle weather; 94

18.40-18.664 year nodal cycle

18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle building activity and construction; 26; 343-345; 349; 443-444
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle building permits; 444; 611
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle buildings (residential); 351; 355
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle discounts and loans; 443-444
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle freight traffic (Canadian Pacific Railway); 444
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle furniture produced; 444
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle an industrial company; 443
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle lumber production; 444
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle marriage rates; 343; 345; 349; 443
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle panics; 444
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle pig iron; 443-444
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle pig iron production; 347; 444
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle production; 314; 343-357
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle real estate activity; 17-18; 343; 349; 353-354; 611
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle residential permits; 444
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle sales of an industrial company; 347; 349
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle sales of a public utility company; 27-29; 443-444; 611
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle stock prices; 23; 26; 347-349
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle varves; 26
18.33- (18 1/3)- year cycle wheat acreage; 345; 349; 444; 611
18.3562-year cycle stock prices; 442
18.539-year cycle post office revenues; 598; 600
18.6-year cycle axis of earth; 748

.1/2 of the 72-year cycle:

35.5-year cycle weather; 63
35.9-year cycle auroras; frequency of; 63
36-year cycle barometric pressure; 63
36-year cycle English consols value; 63
36-year cycle manufacturing production; 63
36-year cycle wheat prices; 63
36.5- (36 1/2 )-year cycle floods; Nile River; 115



Younger-Dryas–“The Underlying Reality”

By Ronald G. Messick

It is commonly accepted that starting in about 13,000 (BCE), the Earth experienced three major climatic catastrophes–one after another; i.e. (Bölling-Allerød, Younger-Dryas and Pre-boreal warming periods). They are described herein as catastrophic because that 1-2-3 punch annihilated a significant percentage of life on Earth.

The most precise records of late Pleistocene climate changes are the ice cores of the Greenland Ice Sheet Project (GISP) and the Greenland Ice Core Project (GRIP). These cores are especially important because the ages of the ice at various levels in the core have been measured by counting annual layers in the ice, giving a very accurate chronology of climatic fluctuations determined by measurement of annual layers.

The illustration below flags the timing associated with those three events based on temperature data from Cuffy and Clow (1997) which was modified by Alley (2000). A comparison of the two different approaches shows essential agreement.


What follows is a description of the three events:

  • 1. The Bölling-Allerød interstadial was a sudden, intense, climatic warming period that caused dramatic melting of large Ice Age ice sheets that covered Canada and the northern U.S., all of Scandinavia, and much of northern Europe and Russia. Sea level that had been 120 m (~400 ft) lower than present rose quickly and submerged large areas of the Earth’s surface that had been dry land during the Ice Age. This warming occurred abruptly in only a few years (Steffensen et al., 2008). This warming (~12° C; ~21° F) ran from c. 12,800 to c. 10,900 (BCE). It ended abruptly with the onset of the Younger Dryas.
  • 2. The Younger-Dryas was a cold period that reduced temperatures back to near-glacial levels within a decade. It began about 10,900 (BCE) when global temperatures plunged sharply (~8°C; ~14° F), sparking a 1200-year period of glacial re-advance. Its end came abruptly with the onset of Pre-boreal warming about 9,700 (BCE).
  • 3. Pre-boreal warming began about 9,700 (BCE) when, almost overnight, global temperatures rose parabolically (~12° C; ~21° F), marking the end of the Younger Dryas cold period and the end of the Pleistocene Ice Age. The peak rise in temperatures was reached about 9,500 (BCE). 

The narrative of the events was provided by Dr. Don J. Easterbrook

There has been an abundance of speculation as to the cause of these events (even a book or two) but no one has offered an explanation that ties all three of these extreme climate events together. Instead of simply classifying these events as random acts of nature, such as meteor strikes, we argue that all three events have a physical cause which would imply that these types of events may be predictable.

The proposed mechanism: “Ultra-low-frequency emanations from the Sun”–a concept that is firmly rooted in science. The challenge is to identify the emanations that impact long-term climate conditions here on Earth.

Two possible harmonic frequencies have been identified. The pattern below, overlayed on top of the temperature data, is the manifestation of one of the two frequencies.


The objective is to identify wave structures that are synchronous with sudden and extreme shifts in climate such as those that had delivered the subject 1, 2, 3-punch. The wave structures themselves represent the locked potential contained within two opposing magnetic fields.

To show the degree with which peaks and throughs align themselves with key temperature turning-points, the peaks are flagged with a verticle red arrow and the throughs are identified with a red rectangle.


Correlations between historical events and wave propagation is hard to deny. Even ardent skeptics will agree that something is going on here besides chance. But, what is even more exciting is that these correlations continue right up to the present (see exhibits below).

In the following illustration, a second wave structure is overlayed on the first wave with its peaks and throughs identified as was done with wave one. The results are astonishing.


In the six-thousand-year period between 14,000 and 8,000 BCE, every major climate shift was precipitated by either one of the peaks or throughs–along with a super-majority of the major climate shifts that have occurred since.

See exhibits covering periods 14,000 BCE to 4,000 AD: Here


Reference Information is provided below the comment section

Your comments are welcome.


Reference #01

The electromagnetic spectrum is a continuum of all electromagnetic waves arranged according to frequency and wavelength. All electromagnetic waves travel at the speed of light (c = 3.0 × 108 m/s) in a vacuum. There seem to be no upper and lower limits to the frequency or wavelength of electromagnetic waves and no gaps in the spectrum.

However, electromagnetic waves have been observed with incredibly long wavelengths — these waves are known as ultra low frequency (ULF) waves, or micropulsations. Since frequency and wavelength are inversely proportional (v = fλ, for electromagnetic waves c = fλ), the name “ultra low frequency” is equivalent to “ultra long wavelength” — although nobody refers to them as such. The range of wavelengths which refer to ULF waves is disputable, and different sources cite different ranges. The consensus seems to be that the wavelength of the longest electromagnetic wave is in the range from 106 to 1011 M. However, it is not impossible to discover a wave with a wavelength approaching infinity.

ULF waves seem to have extraterrestrial sources (they seem to “result from interactions between plasma emitted from the sun (solar wind) and the Earth’s [magnetic] field”). Geomagnetic pulsations were first observed by Balfour Stewart in 1859, and he published his findings in 1861. Some people are interested in the sounds produced by ULF waves, VLF waves (very low frequency), and ELF waves (extremely low frequency). There is also speculation and research into the possibility that micropulsations may have an affect on people’s health and on women’s menstrual cycles.

Rachel Shapiro — 2001

From <>

Reference #02

The interaction of ultra-low-frequency pc3-5 waves with charged particles in Earth’s magnetosphere Qiugang Zong1 • Robert Rankin2 • Xuzhi Zhou1 Received: 2 March 2017 / Accepted: 26 September 2017 Division of Plasma Physics, Association of Asia Pacific Physical Societies 2017

Abstract One of the most important issues in space physics is to identify the dominant processes that transfer energy from the solar wind to energetic particle populations in Earth’s inner magnetosphere. Ultra-low-frequency (ULF) waves are an important consideration as they propagate electromagnetic energy over vast distances with little dissipation and interact with charged particles via drift resonance and drift-bounce resonance. ULF waves also take part in magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling and thus play an essential role in regulating energy flow throughout the entire system. This review summarizes recent advances in the characterization of ULF Pc3-5 waves in different regions of the magnetosphere, including ion and electron acceleration associated with these waves.’s_magnetosphere


Reference #03

The physical processes of transferring electromagnetic energy from sun to the earth is referred to as Solar – Terrestrial system. It involves terrestrial atmosphere, the outer part of geomagnetic field, and the solar events, which influence them.

Earth’s magnetic shield, which protects against harmful radiation from the sun and more distant sources, is full of ultra-low frequency (ULF) waves. These waves transfer energy from outside Earth’s magnetic shield to regions inside it. And, they play a key role in creating the impacts of space weather—including geomagnetic storms. The frequency of those waves ranges from fractions of a millihertz (MHz) up to just 1 hertz (Hz). One-thousand MHz equals 1 Hz—a much lower frequency than the range of human hearing.

From <>

Reference #04

To further investigate this coupling mechanism, we propose another exogenous source to be analyzed which is cosmic ray. In this study, the investigation on possible relationship between geomagnetic ULF pulsation and seismicity due to exogenous parameters has been focused. Unlike other frequency range, ULF waves can propagate

through the crust and reach the earth surface, thus produce reliable precursors to large impending earthquakes.